FortiGate High Availability (Active / Passive)
Jan22

FortiGate High Availability (Active / Passive)

KB ID 0001730 So my aim was to setup FortiGate High Availability failover in Active / Passive mode. I’m setting this up in EVE-NG and here’s what my lab looks like; Note: Im using TWO connections for Heartbeat/Failover, you can simply use one if you prefer. FortiGate High Availability (Pre-Requisites) Obviously the firewalls need to be the same! For physical firewalls that’s straightforward, but be careful if you are...

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FortiGate: SSL Inspection (HTTPS Inspection)
Jan15

FortiGate: SSL Inspection (HTTPS Inspection)

KB ID 0001729 Problem Do you inspect the traffic on your network? You have a firewall? Maybe an IDS appliance? That’s good news, do you inspect HTTPS traffic? In most cases the answer is no. Because either you do not have the capability, or enabling SSL Inspection will degrade the firewall’s performance so much that you accept the risk. At time of writing (Early 2021) it’s estimated that 85% of all web traffic is now...

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FortiGate: SSL-VPN With FortiClient (AD Authenticated)
Jan06

FortiGate: SSL-VPN With FortiClient (AD Authenticated)

KB ID 0001725 Problem FortiGate Remote Access (SSL-VPN ) is a solution that is a lot easier to setup than on other firewall competitors. Here’s how to setup remote access to a FortiGate firewall device, using the FortiClient software, and Active Directory authentication. This is what my topology looks like; Note: I’ve changed the FortiGates default management HTTPS port from 443 to 4433 (before I started). This was to let...

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FortiGate: Change the HTTPS Fortigate Management Port
Dec23

FortiGate: Change the HTTPS Fortigate Management Port

KB ID 0001723 Problem Like all firewalls that have ‘web management’ the default ports are 80 and 443 for insecure and secure management. IF you have secure (https) management on the outside interface of your firewall on the normal TCP port of 443. Then you can’t use the same interface to terminal SSL-VPNs. So you will need to change the FortiGate Management Port. You can set SSL-VPN to use a different port of course,...

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Cisco ASA to Fortigate VPN (Properly!)
Dec14

Cisco ASA to Fortigate VPN (Properly!)

KB ID 0001721 Problem A while ago I did a run through on site to site VPNs from Cisco ASA to Fortigate firewalls. Back then I said that the default settings were a bit ‘shoddy’ and that I’d revisit it once I had more time. What do you mean shoddy? Well, Cisco and Fortinet are both guilty of enabling ‘Everything’ to make the tunnel come up, so people can just use a wizard and not put to much thought into...

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Cisco ASA: Received a DELETE PFKey message from IKE
Dec11

Cisco ASA: Received a DELETE PFKey message from IKE

KB ID 0001720 Problem I was debugging a VPN tunnel today. (From a Fortigate to a Cisco ASAv). I was messing around with the encryption and hashing, when the tunnel fell over. Phase 1 was establishing fine but not Phase 2 (IPSEC).  I’ve got better skills on the ASA, so that’s where I was debugging; IPSEC: Received a PFKey message from IKE IPSEC: Parsing PFKey GETSPI message IPSEC: Creating IPsec SA IPSEC: Getting the...

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