Re-Image and Update the Cisco FirePOWER Services Module

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KB ID 0001164 Dtd 03/03/16

Problem

This takes ages! Seriously, if it's late in the afternoon you might want to do this tomorrow morning, or leave the re-imaging running overnight. (Remember if you set the FirePOWER module to 'fail-closed', you will lose internet access, so you might want to change that to 'fail-open' as well).

The process is a LOT EASIER to do in the ASDM, I'm not usually an advocate of the GUI, but if you can access the FirePOWER settings that way, it will do all the hard work for you, (see below).

Update FirePower Services Module

Note: This ASDM upgrade will fail if the module is being managed by the FirePOWER Management center (FireSIGHT), you can update it from there, or remove the peer association, then update it.

Normally I only have to do this if something's gone wrong, and I can't contact the module, or I've go a lot of them to do, and I don't have direct management access. This process works on the 'baby ASA's,' i.e 5506-X and 5508-X, and also on the larger models i.e 5512-X upwards (but NOT the 5585-X, that has a hw-module not a sw-module).

Solution

Before you start you need three things;

  • A Boot Image file (i.e. asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img) - download from Cisco.
  • A Firepower Software Package (i.e. asasfr-sys-6.0.0-1005.pkg) this is a BIG file (over a Gigabyte) - download from Cisco.
  • A Web Server, (or FTP server) setup, with the files above available for 'download' into the FirePOWER module. Note: If using Microsoft IIS you need to add .img and .pkg as downloadable MIME objects or it wont work.

Connect to the firewall via command line, and check that the module is 'Up' and take a note of the current software version;

Petes-ASA(config)# show module 

Mod  Card Type                                    Model              Serial No. 
---- -------------------------------------------- ------------------ -----------
   1 ASA 5506-X with SW, 8GE Data, 1GE Mgmt, AC   ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX
 sfr FirePOWER Services Software Module           ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX

Mod  MAC Address Range                 Hw Version   Fw Version   Sw Version     
---- --------------------------------- ------------ ------------ ---------------
   1 00f2.8bfb.fbc8 to 00f2.8bfb.fbd1  1.1          1.1.8        9.5(2)2
 sfr 00f2.8bfb.fbc7 to 00f2.8bfb.fbc7  N/A          N/A          5.4.1-211

Mod  SSM Application Name           Status           SSM Application Version
---- ------------------------------ ---------------- --------------------------
 sfr ASA FirePOWER                  UP	        5.4.1-211

Mod  Status             Data Plane Status     Compatibility
---- ------------------ --------------------- -------------
   1 Up Sys             Not Applicable        
 sfr UP Sys           Not Applicable        
Petes-ASA(config)# 

Download the boot image from your web server into the 'flash' memory in the parent firewall.

Petes-ASA(config)# copy http flash

Address or name of remote host []? 10.3.0.84

Source filename []? asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img

Destination filename [asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img]? {Enter}

Accessing http://10.3.0.84/asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img...!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Writing file disk0:/asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img...
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
INFO: No digital signature found
41848832 bytes copied in 5.20 secs (8369766 bytes/sec)

Then set that file as the boot image for the sourcefire module, and tell the module to perform a 'recovery boot'.

Petes-ASA(config)# sw-module module sfr recover configure image disk0:/asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img
Petes-ASA(config)# sw-module module sfr recover boot

Module sfr will be recovered. This may erase all configuration and all data
on that device and attempt to download/install a new image for it. This may take
several minutes.

Recover module sfr? [confirm]{Enter}
Recover issued for module sfr.

Now it looks like nothing is happening, but the SFR module will restart with the recovery/boot image, you can see a little of what's going on if you issue a debug command on the module,

Petes-ASA(config)# debug module-boot 
debug module-boot  enabled at level 1

IF YOU LOOK AT THE MODULES STATUS IT WILL SAY 'RECOVER'

Petes-ASA(config)# show module 

Mod  Card Type                                    Model              Serial No. 
---- -------------------------------------------- ------------------ -----------
   1 ASA 5506-X with SW, 8GE Data, 1GE Mgmt, AC   ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX
 sfr FirePOWER Services Software Module           ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX

Mod  MAC Address Range                 Hw Version   Fw Version   Sw Version     
---- --------------------------------- ------------ ------------ ---------------
   1 00f2.8bfb.fbc8 to 00f2.8bfb.fbd1  1.1          1.1.8        9.5(2)2
 sfr 00f2.8bfb.fbc7 to 00f2.8bfb.fbc7  N/A          N/A          5.4.1-211

Mod  SSM Application Name           Status           SSM Application Version
---- ------------------------------ ---------------- --------------------------
 sfr ASA FirePOWER                  Not Applicable   5.4.1-211

Mod  Status             Data Plane Status     Compatibility
---- ------------------ --------------------- -------------
   1 Up Sys             Not Applicable        
 sfr Recover            Not Applicable        


SAMPLE DEBUG OUTPUT

Mod-sfr 657> *** EVENT: Disk Image created successfully.
Mod-sfr 658> *** TIME: 07:05:36 GMT/BST Mar 1 2016
Mod-sfr 659> ***
Mod-sfr 660> ***
Mod-sfr 661> *** EVENT: Start Parameters: Image: /mnt/disk0/vm/vm_1.img, ISO: -cdrom /mnt/disk0
Mod-sfr 662> /asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.0-1005.img, Num CPUs: 3, RAM: 2266MB, Mgmt MAC: 00:F2:8B:FB
Mod-sfr 663> :FB:C7, CP MAC: 00:00:00:02:00:01, HDD: -drive file=/dev/sda,cache=none,if=virtio,
Mod-sfr 664>  De
Mod-sfr 665> ***

<—Output Removed for the Sake of Brevity—>


Mod-sfr 50> Starting Advanced Configuration and Power Interface daemon: acpid.
Mod-sfr 51> acpid: starting up with proc fs
Mod-sfr 52> acpid: opendir(/etc/acpi/events): No such file or directory
Mod-sfr 53> starting Busybox inetd: inetd... done.
Mod-sfr 54> Starting ntpd: done
Mod-sfr 55> Starting syslogd/klogd: done

This would be a good time to go get a coffee, it doesn't take that long, the documentation at Cisco says 5 minutes, I'd wait at least 10! You then need to login to the SFR module and give it a basic config;

Petes-ASA(config)# session sfr console 
Opening console session with module sfr.
Connected to module sfr. Escape character sequence is 'CTRL-^X'.


Cisco FirePOWER Services Boot Image 6.0.0

asasfr login: admin
Password: Admin123


Cisco FirePOWER Services Boot 6.0.0 (1005)
Type ? for list of commands
asasfr-boot>setup


Welcome to Cisco FirePOWER Services Setup 
 [hit Ctrl-C to abort]
Default values are inside []

Enter a hostname [asasfr]: Firepower-Module
Do you want to configure IPv4 address on management interface?(y/n) [Y]: Y
Do you want to enable DHCP for IPv4 address assignment on management interface?(y/n) [N]: N
Enter an IPv4 address [192.168.8.8]: 192.168.1.253
Enter the netmask [255.255.255.0]: 255.255.255.0
Enter the gateway [192.168.8.1]: 192.168.1.254
Do you want to configure static IPv6 address on management interface?(y/n) [N]: N
Stateless autoconfiguration will be enabled for IPv6 addresses.
Enter the primary DNS server IP address: 192.168.1.10
Do you want to configure Secondary DNS Server? (y/n) [n]: N
Do you want to configure Local Domain Name? (y/n) [n]: Y
Enter the local domain name: petenetlive.com
Do you want to configure Search domains? (y/n) [n]: Y
Enter the comma separated list for search domains: petenetlive.com
Do you want to enable the NTP service? [Y]: Y
Enter the NTP servers separated by commas: 194.35.252.7,130.88.202.49,93.93.131.118 
Do you want to enable the NTP symmetric key authentication? [N]: N
Please review the final configuration:


Hostname:Firepower-Module
Management Interface Configuration

IPv4 Configuration:static
IP Address:192.168.1.253
Netmask:255.255.25.0
Gateway:192.168.1.254

IPv6 Configuration:Stateless autoconfiguration

DNS Configuration:
Domain:petenetlive.com
Search:petenetlive.com
DNS Server:10.3.0.2

NTP configuration: 194.35.252.7130.88.202.49   93.93.131.118
CAUTION:
You have selected IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration, which assigns a global address
based on network prefix and a device identifier. Although this address is unlikely
to change, if it does change, the system will stop functioning correctly.
We suggest you use static addressing instead.

Apply the changes?(y,n) [Y]: Y
Configuration saved successfully!
Applying...
Restarting network services...
Restarting NTP service...
Done.
Press ENTER to continue...{Enter}

Now you can install the software package on the SFR module. Note: the URL has TWO forward slashes in it not one, (Cisco update your documentation!)

UPDATE: (Thanks to Eli Davis) To avoid having to wait to confirm with the following step, use the 'no confirm' keyword. i.e. "system install noconfirm http://10.3.0.84/asasfr-sys-6.0.0-1005.pkg".

WARNING You might want to set the SSH timeout to 45 minutes before you do this, or it will keep logging you out while you are waiting!

asasfr-boot>system install http://10.3.0.84/asasfr-sys-6.0.0-1005.pkg
   
Verifying.    .. 
Downloading.    ..   
Extracting.    ..  
Package Detail
Description:Cisco ASA-SFR 6.0.0-1005 System Install
Requires reboot:Yes 

Do you want to continue with upgrade? [y]: Y
Warning: Please do not interrupt the process or turn off the system.
Doing so might leave system in unusable state.

<——Output Removed for the Sake of Brevity——>


Mod-sfr 61>  login: [ 2498.828291] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 6291456 512-byte hardware sectors: (3.22 G
Mod-sfr 62> B/3.00 GiB)
Mod-sfr 63> [ 2498.832675] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
Mod-sfr 64> [ 2498.835298] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't
Mod-sfr 65>  support DPO or FUA

Mod-sfr 808> ************ Attention *********
Mod-sfr 809>    Initializing the configuration database.  Depending on available
Mod-sfr 810>    system resources (CPU, memory, and disk), this may take 30 minutes 
Mod-sfr 811>    or more to complete.
Mod-sfr 812> ************ Attention *********
Mod-sfr 813> Executing S10database
Console session with module sfr terminated.

May take 30 minutes! I waited 45 then drove 8 miles home reconnected and it was still going, (it's a lot faster on the larger firewalls.) Just keep an eye on the status it will change from recover to up when its complete

Petes-ASA(config)#show module         

Mod  Card Type                                    Model              Serial No. 
---- -------------------------------------------- ------------------ -----------
   1 ASA 5506-X with SW, 8GE Data, 1GE Mgmt, AC   ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX
 sfr Unknown                                      N/A                JAD200XXXXX

Mod  MAC Address Range                 Hw Version   Fw Version   Sw Version     
---- --------------------------------- ------------ ------------ ---------------
   1 00f2.8bfb.fbc8 to 00f2.8bfb.fbd1  1.1          1.1.8        9.5(2)2
 sfr 00f2.8bfb.fbc7 to 00f2.8bfb.fbc7  N/A          N/A          

Mod  SSM Application Name           Status           SSM Application Version
---- ------------------------------ ---------------- --------------------------

Mod  Status             Data Plane Status     Compatibility
---- ------------------ --------------------- -------------
   1 Up Sys             Not Applicable        
 sfr Recover            Not Applicable        


WAIT AGES UNTIL...

Petes-ASA# show module

Mod  Card Type                                    Model              Serial No.
---- -------------------------------------------- ------------------ -----------
   1 ASA 5506-X with SW, 8GE Data, 1GE Mgmt, AC   ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX
 sfr FirePOWER Services Software Module           ASA5506            JAD200XXXXX

Mod  MAC Address Range                 Hw Version   Fw Version   Sw Version
---- --------------------------------- ------------ ------------ ---------------
   1 00f2.8bfb.fbc8 to 00f2.8bfb.fbd1  1.1          1.1.8        9.5(2)2
 sfr 00f2.8bfb.fbc7 to 00f2.8bfb.fbc7  N/A          N/A          6.0.0-1005

Mod  SSM Application Name           Status           SSM Application Version
---- ------------------------------ ---------------- --------------------------
 sfr ASA FirePOWER                  Up               6.0.0-1005

Mod  Status             Data Plane Status     Compatibility
---- ------------------ --------------------- -------------
   1 Up Sys             Not Applicable
 sfr Up                 Up

Now you need to connect to the SFR and configure it, (yes again).

Petes-ASA# session sfr 
Opening command session with module sfr.
Connected to module sfr. Escape character sequence is 'CTRL-^X'.


Cisco ASA5506 v6.0.0 (build 1005)

firepower login: admin
Password: Admin123
Last login: Tue Mar  1 10:08:16 UTC 2016 on pts/0

Copyright 2004-2015, Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 
Cisco is a registered trademark of Cisco Systems, Inc. 
All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

Cisco Fire Linux OS v6.0.0 (build 258)
Cisco ASA5506 v6.0.0 (build 1005)

Last login: Tue Mar  1 10:01:01 UTC 2016 on cron
Last login: Tue Mar  1 10:08:16 UTC 2016 on pts/0
You must accept the EULA to continue.
Press  to display the EULA: {Enter}
END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ THIS END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT CAREFULLY.  IT IS VERY
IMPORTANT THAT YOU CHECK THAT YOU ARE PURCHASING CISCO SOFTWARE OR EQUIPMENT
FROM AN APPROVED SOURCE AND THAT YOU, OR THE ENTITY YOU REPRESENT
(COLLECTIVELY, THE "CUSTOMER") HAVE BEEN REGISTERED AS THE END USER FOR THE

--Output Removed for the Sake of Brevity - Press Space Bar (A LOT!)--

Please enter 'YES' or press  to AGREE to the EULA:  YES

System initialization in progress.  Please stand by.  
You must change the password for 'admin' to continue.
Enter new password: Password123
Confirm new password: Password123
You must configure the network to continue.
You must configure at least one of IPv4 or IPv6.
Do you want to configure IPv4? (y/n) [y]: Y
Do you want to configure IPv6? (y/n) [n]: N
Configure IPv4 via DHCP or manually? (dhcp/manual) [manual]: {Enter}
Enter an IPv4 address for the management interface [192.168.45.45]: 192.168.1.123
Enter an IPv4 netmask for the management interface [255.255.255.0]: 255.255.255.0
Enter the IPv4 default gateway for the management interface []: 192.168.1.254
Enter a fully qualified hostname for this system [firepower]: Firepower-Module
Enter a comma-separated list of DNS servers or 'none' []: 192.168.1.10
Enter a comma-separated list of search domains or 'none' [example.net]: petenetlive.com
If your networking information has changed, you will need to reconnect.

For HTTP Proxy configuration, run 'configure network http-proxy'

Creating default Identity Policy.
Creating default SSL Policy.

Update policy deployment information
    - add device configuration
    - add network discovery
    - add system policy
    - add access control policy
    - applying access control policy

You can register the sensor to a Firepower Management Center and use the 
Firepower Management Center to manage it. Note that registering the sensor 
to a Firepower Management Center disables on-sensor Firepower Services 
management capabilities.

When registering the sensor to a Firepower Management Center, a unique 
alphanumeric registration key is always required.  In most cases, to register
a sensor to a Firepower Management Center, you must provide the hostname or 
the IP address along with the registration key.
'configure manager add [hostname | ip address ] [registration key ]'

However, if the sensor and the Firepower Management Center are separated by a
NAT device, you must enter a unique NAT ID, along with the unique registration
key.
'configure manager add DONTRESOLVE [registration key ] [ NAT ID ]'

Later, using the web interface on the Firepower Management Center, you must 
use the same registration key and, if necessary, the same NAT ID when you add 
this sensor to the Firepower Management Center.
> exit
Remote card closed command session. Press any key to continue.
 Command session with module sfr terminated.

Petes-ASA# 

Back at the firewall prompt make sure you can ping it, (you did put a cable in the management interface didn't you?)

Petes-ASA# ping 192.168.1.123
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.123, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms

Petes-ASA# wr mem
Building configuration...
Cryptochecksum: 6bcde85c dc7a074d 8e22978c 0620c211 

7149 bytes copied in 0.350 secs
[OK]

Petes-ASA# 

Now you can manage the FirePOWER Services console from the ASDM, or add it onto the FirePOWER Management Center (FireSIGHT).

 

Related Articles, References, Credits, or External Links

Thanks to Eli Davis for the feedback.

Cisco SFR Session - Cannot Exit To Command Line

Author: PeteLong

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16 Comments

  1. Hi Pete,
    I’m currently battling with Firepower for the first time and your other articles have helped me out greatly. I’m trying to upgrade from version 5.4.x.x upto 6.0.1
    The module WAS on 5.4.1 out of the box and it gave me a “This update is intended for software versions greater than or equal to 6.0.0 and less than 6.0.1-29” when I first tried it.
    I thought, maybe I need to be on a later version of the 5.4.x.x train, so updated to 5.4.1.6-37 (which incidentally took 5hrs, good job this system is not live yet!)
    I’ve just tried the 6.0.1-29 upgrade again and I’m getting the same message.
    This is all just doing things locally via ASDM, no Firesight involved.
    How do I get upto version 6.0.1?

    Any ideas?

    Thanks
    Mark…

    Post a Reply
    • They they take an annoying amount of time – set your policy to fail-open if anyone wants to use this in production!!
      Use the CLI and get a matching boot/recover image and install package – then just reformat it with version 6

      Regards,

      Pete

      Post a Reply
      • Thanks for the quick reply Pete, much appreciated.
        I’ve since realised that there is a 6.0.0-1005 that I needed to go to first (along with its pre install patch *rolleyes*!)
        This seems to be working now but, yes, taking a looooooonnnnnng time!

        I have some more to do so will try the CLI method next.
        Thanks again.

        Mark…

        Post a Reply
  2. Hi Pete

    My SFR module is on 5.4.1. To save some time with the upgrade I`d like to re-image it with the above method to 6.1.0. The question is – Will I lose my installed licenses?

    Thanks
    Greg

    Post a Reply
    • Yes, so make sure you have the XML file that was sent to you when you installed the licence, if you have lost it, log into cisco licensing with the account that generated the licence, and you can reissue it 🙂

      Pete

      Post a Reply
  3. Hi Pete,

    Just a quick dumb question, you downloaded the system image from a HTTP server via the management interface right? Thanks.

    Post a Reply
    • IMG file No, PKG file yes 🙂

      Pete

      Post a Reply
  4. I just want to thank you for this wonderful article. I have performed SFR upgrades before reading this guide, but this one is by far the best. Especially thank you for “debug module-boot”, as seeing some output is more entertaining than looking into repeating 3 dots.

    Thank you again for this amazing guide!

    Post a Reply
    • Glad to know I’m helping someone!
      Thanks for the feedback.

      P

      Post a Reply
  5. Hi,
    After upgrading sfr module from 5.4.1 to 6.0.0 with your help (thank you by the way) I open ASDM 7.6(1), but I’m facing with strange thing. ASDM launches good but after when I see HOME menu I can’t enter configuration mode it’s not pressable and ASDM can’t load configuration. I see just HOME menu of ASDM.
    Could you advice what should I do?
    Thanks in advance

    Post a Reply
  6. Hi,

    Could you help me to set the time in sfr module? We haven’t NTP servers in network and I want manually set the time or sync sfr time with the ASA time.

    Post a Reply
    • You can’t sync with the ASA, If you have a Cisco switch in the network you can set that up as a Time Server, (not supported on all models so check).

      Pete

      Post a Reply

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