F5: Setup Basic Web Load Balancing

KB ID 0001698

Problem

In past articles I’ve got my F5 BIG IP appliance up and running, and I’ve built some web servers to test load balancing. Now to actually connect things together and start testing things. Below is my lab setup, I will be deploying simple web load balancing (Static: Round Robin) between three web servers, each serving a simple HTTP web site.

F5 Lab Topology web load balance

Test F5 to Web Server Connectivity

For obvious reasons the F5 needs to be able to speak to the web servers, so it needs to be on the same network/VLAN and have connectivity. To test that we can log onto the the F5 console directly, and ‘ping’ the web servers.

F5 Ping Web Server

So connectivity is good, let’s make sure we can actually see the web content on those boxes, the best tool for that is to use curl, which will make a web request, and the wen server ‘should’ return some HTML.

curl http://10.2.0.11

F5 BIG-IP Load Balancing Terminology

Yeah I said ‘load balancing‘ and not ADC sue me! There are a number of building blocks that F5 uses, and you need to understand the terminology to put things together, firstly lets look at things BEHIND the F5 appliance;

F5 Nodes Pools and Pool Members

  • Node: An actual machine/appliance, (be that physical or virtual.) That provides some sort of service or a collections of services e.g. a web server, telnet server, FTP site etc.
  • Pool Member: Is a combination of a Node AND a Port/Service, e.g. 192.168.1.100:80 (IP address and TCP port 80 (or HTTP)).
  • Pool: A Logical collection on Pool Members, that provide the same service e.g a collection of pool members offering a website on TCP port 80.

F5 BIG-IP Adding Nodes

While connected to the web management portal > Local Traffic > Nodes > Create (Note: You can also press the green ‘add’ button on the Node pop-out on newer versions).

F5 Add Nodes

Specify a name > Description (optional) > IP address (or FQDN) > ‘Repeat‘ > Continue to add Nodes as required, then click ‘Finished‘.

F5 Add Nodes

F5 BIG-IP Adding Pools

Now we have our Nodes, We need to create a Pool. Local Traffic > Pools > Create, (again on newer versions theres a green add button on the pop-out).

F5 Add Pool

Add a Name > Description (Optional) > Add an applicable Health Monitor (in our case http) > Select the ‘Node List’ radio button > Select your first Node > Set the Port/Service  > Add  > Continue to Add the remaining Nodes.

Note: Here is where you add the IPs to the Port/Service and create the Pool Members.

F5 Add Web server to Pool

Sorry! Busy Screenshot

When all the Nodes are added > ‘Finished‘.

F5 Web Farm

Your web pool ‘should‘ show healthy, Note: that does not mean ALL the nodes are online!

F5 Healthy Web Pool

To make sure ‘all’ the Nodes are healthy > Go to the Members Tab.

F5 Pool Members Health

F5 BIG-IP Virtual Servers

I’m not a fan of using this term ‘Virtual Server‘ I prefer Virtual IP (or VIP,) but we are where we are! Above we’ve looked at things BEHIND the F5, now we need to present those services IN FRONT of the F5 (Note: I don’t say publicly, because we deploy plenty of BIIG-IP solutions inside  networks). So a Virtual Server is the outside IP address or FQDN of that a ‘consumer’ will connect to;

F5 Virtual Server

Local Traffic > Virtual Servers > Create.

F5 LTM Virtual Server

Supply a name > Description (optional)  > Destination Address (the ‘available outside’) IP address > Set the service/port > Scroll down to the bottom.

F5 LTM Virtual Server Address VIP

Set the ‘Default Pool’ to the pool you created (above) > ‘Finished‘.

F5 LTM Virtual Server Address Pool

For a brief overview or check what you have created  > Click Local Traffic > Network Map Note: This will look different on older versions of the F5.

F5 LTM Network Map

Then test the service form the outside, here each web server serves a different colour page so I can test it’s working properly.

My Web Page Does Not Change? If you keep seeing the same colour/page then it’s probably because you chose browser is ‘caching’ web content on your test machine, you may need to disable caching on your chosen web browser, for an accurate test.

F5 Test Load Balancing

So that’s Static Round Robin (Equal Ratio) Based Load Balancing. In the next article I’ll look at how you can manipulate the ratios, to better serve your hardware, and requirements.

Related Articles, References, Credits, or External Links

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Author: PeteLong

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