Cisco ASA Site To Site VPN IKEv2 “Using CLI”

KB ID 0001429

Problem

You want a secure IPSEC VPN between two sites using IKEv2.

Note: If the device you are connecting to does not support IKEv2 (i.e. its not a Cisco ASA, or it’s running code older than 8.4) then you need to go to the older version of this article;

Cisco ASA 5500 Site to Site VPN IKEv1 (From CLI)

Site to Site VPN

Solution

Before you start – you need to ask yourself “Do I already have any IPSEC VPN’s configured on this firewall?” Because if it’s not already been done, you need to enable ISAKMP IKEv2 on the outside interface. To ascertain whether yours is on or off, issue a “show run crypto ” command and check the results, if you do NOT see  “crypto ikev2 enable outside” then you need to issue that command.

PetesASA# show run crypto
crypto ikev2 enable outside << Mines already enabled and its IKE version 2
crypto ikev2 policy 10
 encryption aes-256
 integrity sha256
 group 19
 prf sha256
 lifetime seconds 86400
crypto ikev2 enable outside

1. I’m going to create access control lists next, one to tell the ASA what is “Interesting traffic”, that’s traffic that it needs to encrypt.

So below I’m saying “Don’t NAT Traffic from the network behind the ASA (10.254.254.0) that’s going to network behind the VPN device at the other end of the tunnel (172.16.254.0).

PetesASA(config)#object network Site-A-SN
PetesASA(config-network-object)#subnet 10.254.254.0 255.255.255.0
PetesASA(config)#object network Site-B-SN
PetesASA(config-network-object)#subnet 172.16.254.0 255.255.255.0
PetesASA(config)#access-list VPN-INTERESTING-TRAFFIC line 1 extended permit 
ip object Site-A-SN object Site-B-SN
PetesASA(config)#nat (inside,outside) source static Site-A-SN Site-A-SN 
destination static Site-B-SN Site-B-SN no-proxy-arp route-lookup

2. Now I’m going to create a “Tunnel Group” to tell the firewall it’s a site to site VPN tunnel “l2l”, and create a shared secret that will need to be entered at the OTHER end of the site to site VPN Tunnel. I also set a keep alive value.

Note: Ensure the Tunnel Group Name is the IP address of the firewall/device that the other end of the VPN Tunnel is terminating on.

PetesASA(config)# tunnel-group 123.123.123.123 type ipsec-l2l
PetesASA(config)# tunnel-group 123.123.123.123 ipsec-attributes
PetesASA(config-tunnel-ipsec)# pre-shared-key 1234567890
PetesASA(config-tunnel-ipsec)# remote-authentication pre-shared-key 1234567890
PetesASA(config-tunnel-ipsec)# local-authentication pre-shared-key 1234567890
PetesASA(config-tunnel-ipsec)# isakmp keepalive threshold 10 retry 2
PetesASA(config-tunnel-ipsec)# exit

3. Now we need to create a policy that will setup how “Phase 1” of the VPN tunnel will be established. It sets the encryption type (AES-256), the hashing/integrity algorithm (SHA-256), The Diffie Hellman group exchange version, and the Level of PRF (Pseudo Random Function). Finally it sets the timeout before phase 1 needs to be re-established. It sets the timeout value to 86400 seconds (That’s 1440 Minutes – or 24 hours if your still confused 🙂 ).

PetesASA(config)# crypto ikev2 policy 10
PetesASA(config-ikev1-policy)# encryption aes-256
PetesASA(config-ikev1-policy)# integrity sha256
PetesASA(config-ikev1-policy)# group 19
PetesASA(config-ikev1-policy)# prf sha256
PetesASA(config-ikev1-policy)# lifetime 86400

4. We stated above that we are going to use AES-256 and SHA-256, for Phase 1, so let’s use the same for the IPSEC proposal (Phase 2), ‘Transform Set’.

PetesASA(config)# crypto ipsec ikev2 ipsec-proposal VPN-TRANSFORM
PetesASA(config)# protocol esp encryption aes-256
PetesASA(config)# protocol esp integrity sha-1

5. Finally we need to create a “Cryptomap”, this is the ‘thing’ that fires up the tunnel, when the ACL INTERESTING TRAFFIC is used, it also defines the transform set for “Phase 2” of the VPN Tunnel, that will also use 3DES and SHA and PFS. And last of all we apply that Cryptomap to the outside interface.

PetesASA(config)# crypto map CRYPTO-MAP 1 match address VPN-INTERESTING-TRAFFIC 
PetesASA(config)# crypto map CRYPTO-MAP 1 set peer 123.123.123.123
PetesASA(config)# crypto map CRYPTO-MAP 1 set ikev2 ipsec-proposal VPN-TRANSFORM
PetesASA(config)# crypto map CRYPTO-MAP interface outside
 

5. Don’t forget to save your hard work with a “write mem” command.

PetesASA(config)#
PetesASA(config)# write mem
Building configuration...
Cryptochecksum: 5c8dfc45 ee6496db 8731d2d5 fa945425

8695 bytes copied in 3.670 secs (2898 bytes/sec)
[OK]
PetesASA(config)#

6. Simply configure the other end as a “Mirror Image” of this one.

ASA 5500 Site to Site IKEv2 VPN Copy and Paste Config

Note: This uses AES-256 and SHA-256. It also assumes your outside interface is called ‘outside’. Check! I’ve seen them called Outside (capital O), wan, and WAN.

!
crypto ikev2 policy 10
 encryption aes-256
 integrity sha256
 group 19
 prf sha256
 lifetime seconds 86400
crypto ikev2 enable outside
!
object network OBJ-SITE-A
subnet 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
object network OBJ-SITE-B
subnet 10.0.3.0 255.255.255.0
!

access-list VPN-INTERESTING-TRAFFIC extended permit ip object OBJ-SITE-A object OBJ-SITE-B
nat (inside,outside) source static OBJ-SITE-A OBJ-SITE-A destination static OBJ-SITE-B OBJ-SITE-B no-proxy-arp route-lookup
!
tunnel-group 2.2.2.2 type ipsec-l2l
tunnel-group 2.2.2.2 ipsec-attributes
pre-shared-key 1234567
ikev2 remote-authentication pre-shared-key 1234567
ikev2 local-authentication pre-shared-key 1234567
isakmp keepalive threshold 10 retry 2
!
crypto ipsec ikev2 ipsec-proposal VPN-TRANSFORM
 protocol esp encryption aes-256
 protocol esp integrity sha-1
!
crypto map CRYPTO-MAP 1 match address VPN-INTERESTING-TRAFFIC
crypto map CRYPTO-MAP 1 set peer 2.2.2.2
crypto map CRYPTO-MAP 1 set ikev2 ipsec-proposal VPN-TRANSFORM
crypto map CRYPTO-MAP interface outside
!
 

Simply change the values in red where;

  • 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 is the network behind the ASA you are working on.
  • 10.0.3.0 255.255.255.0 is the destination network behind the device you are connecting to.
  • 2.2.2.2 is the peer IP address of the device you are attempting to connect to.
  • 1234567 Is the shared secret you will use at both ends.

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Author: PeteLong

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1 Comment

  1. Fantastic article Pete. I love coming here because my name is Pete as well 😉

    note: on step 2, you need to add ‘ikev2’ before the ‘remote-authentication’ and ‘local-authentication’

    a small stumbling block when i used yours as a template, otherwise flawless!

    Thanks for the aticle!

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