Ubuntu – Joining / Logging into Windows Domains

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KB ID 0000384 Dtd 04/01/12

Problem

You have a Linux client machine, and you want to authenticate to, and log into a Windows domain. I don't have too much history with Linux, but from what I've read this used to be a nightmare. Using Ubuntu (10.10) I did have a couple of hiccups, but I did get there in the end.

Note: The domain controller is a Windows 2008 R2 Server.

Solution

Notes

1. The commands needed to install the "likewise-open5" package, and join the domain, (assuming the FQDN of the domain is domaina.com and the user name you are using to join the domain is administrator).

sudo apt-get install likewise-open5 sudo domainjoin-cli join domaina.com administrator sudo reboot

2. Then to allow users to logon from the Ubuntu welcome screen,

sudo nano /etc/samba/lwiauthd.conf

3. Add the following line (the file will probably be empty), to Save press CTRL+X, then Y, then {enter}.

winbind use default domain = yes

4. Then reboot.

sudo reboot

5. To allow sudo for the domain user(s),

sudo nano /etc/sudoers

Locate the line that reads "#Members of the Admin group may gain root privileges and do the following:". Below that, type the following (assuming the domain name is domaina and the user is a member of the domain admins group, domain^users also works).

%domainadomain^admins ALL=(ALL) ALL
/p>

Problem 1

DNS_ERROR_BAD_PACKET

Error: Lsass Error [code 0x00080047]

9502 (0x251E) DNS_ERROR_BAD_PACKET - A bad packet was received from a DNS server. Potentially the requested address does not exist.

This plagued me for a while, I tried everything I read online (like making sure that my time was correct - which it wasn't (see below), making sure firewalls were off (they were), make sure your DNS has a reverse lookup zone (mine has), and finally make sure there are no existing DNS records for the IP address you are connecting with (mine did so I deleted them). None of these fixed the problem, to fix it is annoyingly simple.

set linux time to domain

FIX

Firstly make sure that the Ubuntu client is looking at your domain DNS server, for it's DNS, the following command will tell you,

cat /etc/resolv.conf

Then get the domain syntax right, in my case the domain name.

[WORKS] sudo domainjoin-cli join domaina.com administrator

[WONT WORK] sudo domainjoin-cli join DOMAINA.COM administrator
[WONT WORK] sudo domainjoin-cli join domaina administrator
[WONT WORK] sudo domainjoin-cli join DOMAINA administrator

And then it connected faultlessly.

Problem 2

0x00080047

Error: Lsass Error [code 0x00080047]

5 (0x5) ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED - Access is denied.

This turned out to be a variation on the problem above, If you put in the domain name in UPPER CASE you will see this error.

[WORKS] sudo domainjoin-cli join domaina.com administrator

[WONT WORK] sudo domainjoin-cli join DOMAINA.COM administrator

If you would like to add your domain user(s) to the welcome screen click here.

Update 04/01/12

Attention:  PeteNetLive - Suggestion 

Message: Hi,

Thanks very much for you YouTube and description of joining Ubuntu to a domain.  There was however one step extra that I needed to do to enable to logon screen to show users other than the local use and the guest account.  To do this I had to add the following line to /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf

greeter-show-manual-login=true

I was joining Ubuntu 12.10 to the domain so maybe it is specific to 12.10 since you didn't experience it but it would be good to add it to your article along with the other fixes to issues.

Thanks again.

From: Roland Elferink

Related Articles, References, Credits, or External Links

Thanks to Roland Elferink for the update.

Original Article written 27/01/11

Author: Migrated

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