Exchange 2013 – Working with and Managing the OAB

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KB ID 0000745 Dtd 16/01/13

Problem

Exchange 2013, has changed the way Offline Address Books are handled, with previous versions only one server (the first server holding the mailbox role) was responsible for generating the OAB. With 2013 however multiple servers generate the OAB, In fact every server that has a special arbitration mailbox called an organization mailbox will create a copy. This is better for fault tolerance and resilience, and you will find the OAB files located at %ExchangeInstallPath%ClientAccessOAB. Another change is the way the OAB is distributed, now it can only be distributed via the web (no public folder distribution any more).

With the new Exchange Admin Center (https://localhost/ecp) there are no options to mange the OAB, so you will need to do that via PowerShell.

Solution

Pre-Requisites

If your AD environment contains more than one forest, you need to change the parameters that the management shell is going to use first, (or you will get no results). To do that execute the following command;

Set-ADServerSettings -ViewEntireForest $true

Exchange Powershell

Locate the OAB Generation Server(s)

Get-Mailbox -Arbitration | where {$_.PersistedCapabilities -like "*oab*"} | ft name,servername

OR If your serveris a member of a DAG group, first get the database name,

Get-Mailbox -Arbitration | where {$_.PersistedCapabilities -like "*oab*"} | ft name,database

Then use that like so,

Get-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus database-name 

Locate OAB Server

Create a new OAB for Exchange 2013

New-OfflineAddressBook -Name "PNL OAB" -AddressLists "Default Global Address List" -VirtualDirectories "EX1OAB (Default Web Site)"
 
Create New OAB Exchange 2013

Force Exchange 2013 to Update the OAB

Simply restarting the Microsoft Exchange Mailbox Assistant service should do this, however you can force the issue with the following command.

Update-OfflineAddressBook "default offline address book"

Related Articles, References, Credits, or External Links

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Author: Migrated

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