Cannot Access Exchange 2010 Management Console


KB ID 0000477 Dtd 02/05/13


Since Exchange 2007, its management tasks have been done via PowerShell, (yes even the GUI Management). Which is fine, however it runs all that PowerShell from a virtual directory that lives in the servers' IIS webserver. When that fails or there is a problem, Exchange runs quite happily, but you can't run the management tools.

There are a number of reasons for this to fail and a number of different error messages, I will list them as I come acoss them.

Error 1 (Seen 16/10/12)

Verify that the service on the destination

Error: Connecting to the remote server failed with the following error message: The client cannot connect to the destination specified in the request. Verify that the service on the destination is running and is accepting requests. Consult the logs and documentation for the WS-Management service running on the destination, most commonly IIS or WinRM. If the destination is the WinRM service, run the following command on the destination to analyze and configure the WinRM service: "winrm quickconfig". For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic. It was running the command 'Discover-exchangeserver- useWIA $true - suppressError $true' -CurrentVersion 'Version 14.1(Build 218.15).

I got the same when trying to access the Exchange Management Shell as well.

Cannot Access Exchange Shell

Update 16/10/12: I got this problem today again! It seems AVG 2012 causes this problem as well, if you have AVG installed remove it and try again.

Solution (Error 1)

1. Firstly drop to command line > then (as asked) run "WinRM QuickConfig". Carry out any changes that it asks by simply pressing "y".


2. Run the same command again untill it returns two positive results.


3. Start > Run > Services.msc {enter} Locate the following three services, make sure that they are set to "automatic startup" and are running.

IIS Admin Service Windows Remote Management (WS-Management) World Wide Web Publishing Service

IIS Services

4. Start > Administrative Tools > Expand Sites > Default Web Site > Make sure the default web site IS STARTED.

THIS WAS MY PROBLEM! If you can see the green start arrow then its NOT started.

Start IIS

5. When I attempted to start the default web site I got the following error:


Error: The process cannot access the file because it is being used by another process. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80070020).

Essentially one or both of the two comms ports that IIS uses (Port 80 HTTP and Port 443 HTTPS) have been taken by another process or program. Have a common sense check, what's been installed on this server that might have a "web portal"? UPS software, AV software, another web server like Apache for example?

To find out what process is using the port

6. Close down any open windows that you have on the server. At command line issue the following two commands:

netstat -aon | find ":80" netstat -aon | find ":443"

The fist checks for programs using port 80, In my case there were none, the second command checks port 443, heres my culpritt. All I know at this point is it's PID (in the example below 4852).

Find listening applications

7. To find out what that PID is, right click your Task bar > Launch Task Manager > Processes Tab > View > Select Columns.

Task Manager Columns

8. Turn on the PID column.

show pids

9. Sort the PID column (by clicking on the column title) locate the PID in question, find out what it is. Once you know that stopping it will not harm the server, then simply right click and "End Process Tree".

Note: Some legitimate important Windows processes might be using these ports like "lsass" and "system".

end process tree

10. Now you should be able to start the default website, and the Exchange Management Console should open correctly.

WARNING: You have not fixed the problem! (Just identified it), the software that hijacked the IIS ports needs uninstalling, or changing so that it uses a different port.


Error 2 (Seen 02/05/13)

end process tree

Connecting to the remote server failed with the following error message: The WinRM client... cannot determine the content type of the HTTP response from the destination computer. The content type is absent or invalid. For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic. It was running the command 'Discover-exchangeserver- useWIA $true - suppressError $true' -CurrentVersion 'Version 14.1(Build 218.15).

And from the Exchange Managent Shell;

end process tree

Other Symtoms;

OWA 500 Internal server error

Attempting to open OWA gives a 500 - Internal server error. (If that's the only problem and it's SBS 2011, make sure the 'Microsft Exchange Form Based Authentication' service is running).

OWA 500 Internal server error

Solution (Error 2)

I spent an entire afternoon fighting with this error on an SBS 2011 server! Every post I found on the internet did NOT fix it. Not even this one (which was so close) but my envirnment variables were correct

The EMTShooter did not help either, I checked it's recommendations. and they were all correct.

The bottom line is: This is an IIS problem not an Exchange one, the site I was at had done a lot of work on this server and just installed some third party software, (that may or may not have changed some IIS configuration settings). So I connected to another working SBS 2011 Server and copied the contents of the c:inetpubwwwroot folder to the affected machine (back it's contents up first!). Then run the following command;


If you don't have access to a working SBS 2011 server, here you go, (you owe me a vodka!)

Error 3 (Seen 30/04/14)

OWA 500 Internal server error

“The attempt to connect to using “Kerberos” authentication failed: connecting to remote server failed with the following error message : The WinRM client cannot complete the operation within the time specified.  Check if the machine name is valid and is reachable over the network and firewall exception for Windows Remote Management service is enabled.  For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.”

Solution Error 3

1. Exit the EMC > Windows Key +R > cmd {Enter}

2. Execute the followig two commands;

DEL "%USERPROFILE%AppDataRoamingMicrosoftMMCDEL "%USERPROFILE%AppDataRoamingMicrosoftMMCExchange Management Console.*"

REG DELETE HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftExchangeServerv14AdminTools /v NodeStructureSettings /f

Related Articles, References, Credits, or External Links

Exchange 2010 - No Exchange servers are available in any Active Directory sites

Original Article Written 15/07/11

Author: Migrated

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