Cisco ASA – Packet Tracer Fails VPN:Encrypt:Drop

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KB ID 0001198 Dtd 31/05/16

Problem

Sometimes when troubleshooting VPN traffic, you may choose to use the 'packet-tracer' command to simulate interesting traffic. I did this today and got;

Phase: {number}
Type: VPN
Subtype: encrypt
Result: DROP
Config:
Additional Information:

Result:
Drop-reason: (acl-drop) Flow is denied by configured rule

I replicated the error on the test bench.

 

Solution

Below is the full packet trace;

Petes-ASA(config)# packet-tracer input inside tcp 192.168.254.1 www 10.254.254.10 www

Phase: 1
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: input
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
in   0.0.0.0         0.0.0.0         outside

Phase: 2
Type: UN-NAT
Subtype: static
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static Obj-SiteA Obj-SiteA destination static Obj-SiteB Obj-SiteB no-proxy-arp route-lookup
Additional Information:
NAT divert to egress interface outside
Untranslate 10.254.254.10/80 to 10.254.254.10/80

Phase: 3
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype: log
Result: ALLOW
Config:
access-group outbound in interface inside
access-list outbound extended permit ip any any
Additional Information:

Phase: 4
Type: CONN-SETTINGS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
class-map class-default
 match any
policy-map global_policy
 class class-default
  set connection decrement-ttl
service-policy global_policy global
Additional Information:

Phase: 5
Type: NAT
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static Obj-SiteA Obj-SiteA destination static Obj-SiteB Obj-SiteB no-proxy-arp route-lookup
Additional Information:
Static translate 192.168.254.1/80 to 192.168.254.1/80

Phase: 6
Type: NAT
Subtype: per-session
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 7
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 8
Type: VPN
Subtype: encrypt
Result: DROP
Config:
Additional Information:

Result:
input-interface: inside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: outside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: drop
Drop-reason: (acl-drop) Flow is denied by configured rule

This is an annoying error, that is difficult to solve. The reason you are seeing this error is because the ACL that defines the 'interesting traffic' for the VPN, does not a MIRROR IMAGE ACL on the OTHER VPN endpoint. As soon as this was rectified the packet-trace ran successfully.

Petes-ASA(config)# packet-tracer input inside tcp 192.168.254.1 www 10.254.254.10 www

Phase: 1
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: input
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
in   0.0.0.0         0.0.0.0         outside

Phase: 2
Type: UN-NAT
Subtype: static
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static Obj-SiteA Obj-SiteA destination static Obj-SiteB Obj-SiteB no-proxy-arp route-lookup
Additional Information:
NAT divert to egress interface outside
Untranslate 10.254.254.10/80 to 10.254.254.10/80

Phase: 3
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype: log
Result: ALLOW
Config:
access-group outbound in interface inside
access-list outbound extended permit ip any any
Additional Information:

Phase: 4
Type: CONN-SETTINGS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
class-map class-default
 match any
policy-map global_policy
 class class-default
  set connection decrement-ttl
service-policy global_policy global
Additional Information:

Phase: 5
Type: NAT
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static Obj-SiteA Obj-SiteA destination static Obj-SiteB Obj-SiteB no-proxy-arp route-lookup
Additional Information:
Static translate 192.168.254.1/80 to 192.168.254.1/80

Phase: 6
Type: NAT
Subtype: per-session
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 7
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 8
Type: VPN
Subtype: encrypt
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 9
Type: NAT
Subtype: rpf-check
Result: ALLOW
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static Obj-SiteA Obj-SiteA destination static Obj-SiteB Obj-SiteB no-proxy-arp route-lookup
Additional Information:

Phase: 10
Type: VPN
Subtype: ipsec-tunnel-flow
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 11
Type: NAT
Subtype: per-session
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 12
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:

Phase: 13
Type: FLOW-CREATION
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
New flow created with id 359, packet dispatched to next module

Result:
input-interface: inside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: outside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: allow

 

Related Articles, References, Credits, or External Links

Troubleshooting Phase 1 Cisco Site to Site (L2L) VPN Tunnels

Troubleshooting Phase 2 Cisco Site to Site (L2L) VPN Tunnels

Author: PeteLong

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